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rhel6.3搭建iscsi-target服务器实战

 iSCSI技术是一种由IBM公司研究开发的,是一个供硬件设备使用的可以在IP协议的上层运行的SCSI指令集,这种指令集合可以实现在IP网络上运行SCSI协议,使其能够在诸如高速千兆以太网上进行路由选择。iSCSI的最大好处是能提供快速的网络环境,虽然其性能和带宽跟光纤网络还有一些差距,但能节省企业约30-40%的成本。
  下面我们来看一下在RHEL6.3上如何搭建iscsi-target服务器和客户端如何挂载.
 一、服务端操作
服务端版本:
[root@racscsi home]# uname  -r
2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64
[root@racscsi home]# cat /etc/redhat-release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.3 (Santiago)
安装iscsi server软件包。
用RPM的方式安装。
[root@racscsi home]# rpm -ivh scsi-target-utils-1.0.24-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
warning: scsi-target-utils-1.0.24-2.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID fd431d51: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
package scsi-target-utils-1.0.24-2.el6.x86_64 is already installed
用yum命令安装(需自己配置YUM源)
[root@racscsi home]#yum -y install scsi-target-utils
启动服务并且添加到开机自启动。
[root@racscsi home]# /etc/init.d/tgtd start
Starting SCSI target daemon: [ OK ]
[root@racscsi home]# chkconfig tgtd on

使用fdisk命令创建几个分区,或者通过外部存储映射共享分区。
现在这台服务器已划分好/dev/sdb、 /dev/sdc、 /dev/sdd、 /dev/sde、 /dev/sdf、 /dev/sdg 、/dev/sdh、/dev/sdi分区,用于客户端的挂载
下面我们需要编辑配置文件/etc/tgt/targets.conf,并设置下iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN).
[root@racscsi home]#vim /etc/tgt/ targets.conf
在文件末尾添加如下内容
<target iqn.2008-09.com.example:asm>  #iqn名字可任意
   backing-store /dev/sdb               
   backing-store /dev/sdc
   backing-store /dev/sdd
   backing-store /dev/sde
   backing-store /dev/sdf   
   backing-store /dev/sdg
   backing-store /dev/sdh
   backing-store /dev/sdi 
   initiator-address 192.168.10.0/24   #限定允许访问的客户端地址段或具体IP
   write-cache off                     #是否开启或关闭快取
</target>
重启服务,使修改后的配置生效。
[root@racscsi home]#/etc/init.d/tgtd restart
确定iscsi server是否成功。如果显示如下说明配置iscsi server已经成功。
[root@racscsi home]# tgt-admin --show
Target 1: iqn.2008-09.com.example:asm
   System information:
       Driver: iscsi
       State: ready
   I_T nexus information:
       I_T nexus: 1
           Initiator: iqn.1994-05.com.redhat:b363811441a
           Connection: 0
               IP Address: 192.168.10.212
   LUN information:
       LUN: 0
           Type: controller
           SCSI ID: IET     00010000
           SCSI SN: beaf10
           Size: 0 MB, Block size: 1
           Online: Yes
           Removable media: No
           Prevent removal: No
           Readonly: No
           Backing store type: null
           Backing store path: None
           Backing store flags:
       LUN: 1
           Type: disk
           SCSI ID: IET     00010001
           SCSI SN: beaf11
           Size: 2147 MB, Block size: 512
           Online: Yes
           Removable media: No
           Prevent removal: No
           Readonly: No
           Backing store type: rdwr
           Backing store path: /dev/sdb
           Backing store flags:
       。。。。。。。。。。。。   #中间内容省略
       LUN: 8
           Type: disk
           SCSI ID: IET     00010008
           SCSI SN: beaf18
           Size: 5369 MB, Block size: 512
           Online: Yes
           Removable media: No
           Prevent removal: No
           Readonly: No
           Backing store type: rdwr
           Backing store path: /dev/sdi
           Backing store flags:
   Account information:
   ACL information:
       192.168.10.0/24
注意:关闭服务端的IPTABLES,以免客户端无法正常访问

二、客户端挂载
客户端需安装的包iscsi-initiator-utils
[root@rac2 home]# rpm -ivh iscsi-initiator-utils-6.2.0.872-41.el6.x86_64.rpm
warning: iscsi-initiator-utils-6.2.0.872-41.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID fd431d51: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
  1:iscsi-initiator-utils  ########################################### [100%]
用yum命令安装(需自己配置YUM源)
[root@rac2 home]#yum -y install iscsi-initiator-utils

启动服务并且添加到开机启动。
[root@rac2 Desktop]# /etc/init.d/iscsid start
[root@rac2 Desktop]# chkconfig iscsid on

发现服务器端iscsi server的共享分区。
[root@rac2 Desktop]# iscsiadm --mode discovery --type sendtargets --portal 192.168.10.220
192.168.10.220:3260,1 iqn.2008-09.com.example:asm
已发现

登陆到iscsi server共享的分区。
[root@rac2 Desktop]# iscsiadm -m node -T iqn.2008-09.com.example:asm -p 192.168.10.220 -l
Logging in to [iface: default, target: iqn.2008-09.com.example:asm, portal: 192.168.10.220,3260] (multiple)
Login to [iface: default, target: iqn.2008-09.com.example:asm, portal: 192.168.10.220,3260] successful.

再使用fdisk -l命令查看分区,发现共享出来的分区都已经挂过来了。
[root@rac2 Desktop]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000586f0

  Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1          39      307200   83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/sda2              39         549     4096000   82  Linux swap / Solaris
Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/sda3             549        2611    16567296   83  Linux

Disk /dev/sdb: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes
67 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1009 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 4154 * 512 = 2126848 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdc: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes
67 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1009 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 4154 * 512 = 2126848 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdd: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes
67 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1009 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 4154 * 512 = 2126848 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sde: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 10240 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdf: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 10240 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdg: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 10240 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdh: 5368 MB, 5368709120 bytes
166 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1018 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 10292 * 512 = 5269504 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000


Disk /dev/sdi: 5368 MB, 5368709120 bytes
166 heads, 62 sectors/track, 1018 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 10292 * 512 = 5269504 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

最后你可以格式化分区,挂载在本地相应目录。如果要实现开机自动挂载,要在fstab文件添加记录。
注意添加_netdev参数,要不你在重启iscsi server后,启动时会报错。
示例: /dev/sdb /crs  ext4  default,_netdev 0 0

补充:
如果在服务端/etc/tgt/targets.conf文件配置了用户名密码,比如
<target iqn.2008-09.com.example:server.target3>
     backing-store  /dev/sdb
     initiator-address 192.168.10.0/24   
     incoming grid  123@passwd         
     write-cacheoff             
</target>

则在客户端/etc/iscsi/iscsid.conf配置文件
需要添加相应的账号和密码
node.session.auth.username = grid
node.session.auth.password = 123@passwd
discovery.sendtargets.auth.username = grid
discovery.sendtargets.auth.password = 123@passwd

 

来源:http://xjsunjie.blog.51cto.com/999372/1280283/

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